Children and Youth Protection in Czech Republic
- Up to which age is one regarded as a child and young person respectively?
- Are children/teens allowed to stay in public places?
- Are children/teens allowed to stay in restaurants or dance halls / ballrooms?
- Are children/teens allowed to stay in night clubs, bars, casinos, places for gambling etc.?
- Is it allowed to sell spirits to children/teens?
- Which restrictions are there for children/teens to visit public film screenings?
- Are children/teens allowed to smoke in public?
- Is it allowed for children/teens to go to internet café?
- Which restrictions are there about carrying knifes, martial arts equipment, weapons?
- Which regulations are there concerning sexual relations with children/teens?
- Which restrictions are there if foreign young people want to work temporarily?
- To which institutions can children/teens turn to if they need help?
- Useful internet sites about youth protection
- More information
You are a child until the age of 18 years.
A person is considered as a young person till 26 years (not by law).
According to the Civil Code (Nr. 40/1964 GBl.), minors are persons who have unless reached 18 years. From then on, a person becomes contractually capable (Exception: The legal capacity depends on the individual health situation. Thereupon, a 18 years old person will not become contractually capable.).
According to the Penal Code (Nr. 140/1961 Gbl.), children under 15 years of age are Doli incapax for their actions. Therefore young people are person over 15 years of age which haven´t reached their 18th birthday.
According to the Criminal Code from 2004 minors become relief which means a specific law exists, which regulate the requirements for criminal liability of minors and the penaltes therefore.
Family Code -zákon č. 94/1963 Sb. Zákon o rodině:
Parents are responsible for their children. However, in general children are allowed to stay in public places.
is no legislation.
are responsible for their children.
Places for gambling:
Participation in gambling is prohibited to anyone under 18 years. If you allow a person under 18 years for gamble, you will commit in a crime.
Violation of the education of young people (Penal Code, § 17): Such a one action will be prosecuted, if the operator grant a person under 18 years of age access to fruit machines.
The selling of spirits to anyone under the age of 18 is prohibited. Selling of alcoholic beverages to persons under 18 years of age is an offence.
Penal Code, § 218 - zákon č. Trestní zákon Law on protection against alcoholism and toxicomania - zákon č. 37/1989 Sb., o ochraně před alkoholismem a jinými toxikomaniemi.
Smoking in indoor areas is prohibited for everybody, if such a non smoker´s health could be compromised.
The sale of tobacco products at persons under 18 years is forbidden.
There is no legislation. Parents or legal guardians are responsible for their children.
Act about Firearms and Ammunition - zákon č. 119/2002 Sb., - Zákon o střelných zbraních a střelivu:
There is no legislation about carrying knifes and fire irons. The act defines different age limits for permission to possession on firearms (from 16, 18 and 21 years). It depends on arms model or weather it is a student of a forestry secondary school.
A person who have sexual relations to a person under 15 years of age, commits an offence. Sexual abuse will also be punished (Penal Code, § 217 letter a).
A person who
moves a person under the 18 years of age to have sexual intercourse before
marriage or misuse the minors dependence, comits also an ofence. A person, who
offers a person under 18 years of age money for sexual intercourse will be
Moreover, a person may not produce, distribute, import, export or access pornographic works with children.Therefor the person will be punished (Penal Code, § 205 letter a and b).
Foreign Nationals may work if they have a work permit and a visa. There are some exceptions in favour of students and persons which activities at least are taking no longer time than law provides. You are allowed to work from 15 years. In exceptional case you can also work from 14.
Labor Code - zákon č. 65/1965 Sb.,zákoník práce; Employment Act - zákon č. 1/1991 Sb., o zaměstnanosti
Authorities of the Child Welfare:
pedagogical-psychological counsiling institutions, agency for social and legal security of children, The International regulatory authorities for protection of children, regional authorities; authorities of the municipalities, police, etc.
To associations, foundations, NGOs, etc.:
Linka bezpečí - Nadace Naše dítě (security facility - Foundation "Our Child")
Bily kruh bezpečí () White ring of security,
League lidských práv - Centrum pro právní ochranu dětí (Federation of Human Rights - Center for the legal protection of children),
Česká sekce DCI (Czech Branch of the International Organization for the Protection of Children),
Fond ohrožených dětí (Association for children in danger),
DETSKE Křížové centrum) (Center for Children in emergencies etc.
Botschaft der Bundesrepublik Deutschland
Vlašská 19, Postbox 88
118 01 Praha 1 — Malá Strana
phone: +420 257 113 111
fax: +420 257 53 40 56
see auch: http://www.prag.diplo.de/Vertretung/prag/de/Startseite.html (website in german)
The Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport is the central authority for Children and Youth Affairs:
More useful internet sites:
For detailed information about laws: www.mvcr.cz
embassy of Czech Republic (11/2008; 07/2009)
For the accuracy, completeness and timeliness of the information we can not guarantee.