Children and Youth Protection in Germany
- Up to which age is one regarded as a child and young person respectively?
- Are children/teens allowed to stay in public places?
- Are children/teens allowed to stay in restaurants or dance halls / ballrooms?
- Are children/teens allowed to stay in night clubs, bars, casinos, places for gambling etc.?
- Is it allowed to sell spirits to children/teens?
- Which restrictions are there for children/teens to visit public film screenings?
- Are children/teens allowed to smoke in public?
- Is it allowed for children/teens to go to internet café?
- Which restrictions are there about carrying knifes, martial arts equipment, weapons?
- Which regulations are there concerning sexual relations with children/teens?
- Which restrictions are there if foreign young people want to work temporarily?
- To which institutions can children/teens turn to if they need help?
- Useful internet sites about youth protection
- More information
Children are persons below the age of 14 years.
Adolescents are persons as of 14 but below the age of 18 years.
There is no legislation unless there is a dangerous place for minors.
(JuSchG § 8). The residence determination is part of parental care.
Children and adolescents below the age of 16 years shall not be present in a restaurant or dance halls unless they are accompanied by a custodial person or a person with parental power. Adolescents as of the age of 16 years shall not be present in a restaurant between midnight and 5 a.m. unless they are accompanied by a custodial person or a person with parental power.
These clause shall not apply to children or adolescents who are travelling or who attend an event sponsored by a youth welfare body.
(§§ 4.1 und 5.1 JuSchG) and (§§ 4.2 und 5.2 JuSchG)
Paragraph 9 Alcoholic drinks Protection of Young Persons Act
(1) The following bans shall apply to restaurants, stores and other points of sale:
1. Brandy as well as brandy-containing drinks or food products with brandy above negligible level or
2.Other alcoholic drinks must neither be sold to children and adolescents below the age of 16 years nor must their consumption by said persons be tolerated.
(2) Sub-clause 1, No. 2 shall not apply to adolescents accompanied by a custodial person.
(3) Alcoholic drinks must not be available from drinks dispensers in the public.
This shall not apply under the following circumstances:
1. A drinks dispenser is located on a site not accessible for children and adolescents.
2. A drinks dispenser is located in enclosed company space and furnished with mechanical devices or adequately guarded and supervised to the effect that children and adolescents have no access to alcoholic drinks.
§ 20, No. 1, German Licensing Act, shall not be affected.
(4) Sugared alcohol-containing beverages in terms of § 1, Sub-clauses 2 and 3, Alcopop Tax Act, must not be commercially launched without the label “Not to be distributed to persons below 18 years of age, § 9, Protection of Young Persons Act”. This notice shall be attached to the sales package in type, size and colour of print identical with that of the trade or fancy name or with the marketing label or, in case of bottles, on the front label.
There are age ratings for films and time limits for visits to theaters.
(§ § 11 and 14 JuSchG).
§ 14 Labelling of films and film and play programs
(1) Films and movie programs that are appropriate to impact the development of children and young people or their upbringing to become a responsible and socially competent person should not be approved for their age group.
(2) The supreme state authority or an organization of voluntary self-regulation under the procedure referred to in paragraph 6 indicates the films and movie programs with
1. suitable for all ages;
2. suitable for six years;
3. suitable for twelve years;
4. suitable for sixteen years;
5. not suitable for minors or young people
§ 11 .3 ... allowed to attend public film events are only allowed to accompany a person with custody or person responsible for education
1. children below the age of six years;
2. children as of six years at performances finished later than 8 p.m.;
3. adolescents below the age of 16 years at performances finished after 10 p.m.;
4. adolescents as of 16 years at performances lasting beyond midnight.
Minors are smoking in public is not allowed. Also, no tobacco products may be delivered to them. § 10 JuSchG)
If the main purpose is playing games on the computer, an internet cafe is being treated like amusement arcades.
How are young people protected from harmful content in internet cafes?
The Youth Media treaty banning harmful content in electronic information and communication media and restricts youth impairing content. § § 4 and 5 JMStV)
It is prohibited for a person under 18 years of age to handle a weapon or ammunition. Young people may handle with a weapon and ammunition within a practical training or an employment contract if they will be under the supervision of an authority responsible who is authorized to issue instructions.
Air weapons may be used under the supervision entertainment at folk festivals. (§ § 1, 3 and 27 Firearms Act). Weapons which are intended for the game and have only a small kinetic energy (less than 0.5 joules), are allowed.
Sexual contact with persons under the age of 14 are considered as child sexual abuse and punished. Depending on conditions, the age limit is higher.
The youth employment law prohibits work for children under 13 years of general and limited the opportunities for minors through restrictions according to age.
Police, local authority youth services, counseling services, child protection centers, etc.
Bundesarbeitsgemeinschaft Kinder- und Jugendschutz e.V. (BAJ), Mühlendamm 3, 10178 Berlin, email@example.com
For the accuracy, completeness and timeliness of the information we can not guarantee.