Children and Youth Protection in Denmark
- Up to which age is one regarded as a child and young person respectively?
- Are children/teens allowed to stay in public places?
- Are children/teens allowed to stay in restaurants or dance halls / ballrooms?
- Are children/teens allowed to stay in night clubs, bars, casinos, places for gambling etc.?
- Is it allowed to sell spirits to children/teens?
- Which restrictions are there for children/teens to visit public film screenings?
- Are children/teens allowed to smoke in public?
- Is it allowed for children/teens to go to internet café?
- Which restrictions are there about carrying knifes, martial arts equipment, weapons?
- Which regulations are there concerning sexual relations with children/teens?
- Which restrictions are there if foreign young people want to work temporarily?
- To which institutions can children/teens turn to if they need help?
- Useful internet sites about youth protection
- More information
According to the legislation children and young persons below 18 years, are regarded as children and young persons. Young persons are persons between 14 and 18 years.
There are no other official definition of young persons.
There is no legislation about when children and young persons are allowed to stay in restaurants. There is no legislation about whether children or young people are allowed to stay in dance halls/ballrooms. The dance halls/ballrooms have their own regulations telling when young persons are allowed to stay in the dance halls or ballrooms.
There is no legislation about when children/young people are allowed to stay in night clubs, bars or similar entertainment districts. Bars or night clubs have their own regulations telling when young persons are allowed to stay in the bar or the night club. The regulations can say the age of 18 or 21 years.
Young people above 18 years are allowed to stay in casinos or places for gambling.
Young persons can buy light spirits from the age of 16 years.
Young persons are allowed to consume spirits at bars and restaurants from the age of 18 years.
There is no legislation about when young persons are allowed to consume spirits except from the bars and restaurant etc. The National Board of Health recommend young persons to be 16 years or more before consuming spirits.
A media council recommends the movies as followed:
- The movie is recommended for all
- The movie is recommended for all, unless the child is younger than 7 years
- The movie is recommended for children above 11 years
- The movie is recommended for children above 15 years.
There is a ban on the sale of tobacco products to persons under 18 years. Smoking is not allowed in public places (eg. cinemas, bars, restaurants).
There are no legislations for allowing children/young people to go to internet café.
How are they protected against harmful matters on the internet?
The internet firms with sites for children are assumed to protect the children.
The schools protect the children by excluding harmful sites from the internet connections.
Knives and other sharp and sharp-pointed weapons
According to art. 4, subsection 1 of the Weapons and Explosives Act it is prohibited to carry or be in possession of knives or daggers in places with public access, places of education, in youth clubs, recreation centres, etc. However, knives and daggers can be carried and possessed in connection with the carrying-out of business activities, for use in hunting, angling or sporting activities or for a similarly credible purpose. The ban does not apply to clasp knives with a blade of 7 cm or less that cannot be locked in the extended position.
According to art. 14, subsection 1, paragraph 1-8 of the Government Order on Weapons and Ammunition etc. it is prohibited without a permit from the police to acquire, posses, carry or use sharp or sharp-pointed weapons if the blade is longer than 12 cm, knives with transverse grips intended for stabbing, flick knives, flick stilettos, gravity stilettos, single hand operated clasp knives designed to be unfolded using one hand only, clasp knives with two-piece grips with blades that can be unfolded using one hand only, knives designed to hang around the neck or shoulder that can be drawn using one hand only, throwing stars, throwing knives, as well as sword canes and other similar weapons appearing to be another object.
The ban does not cover kitchen knives etc. used for their legitimate purpose even when the blade is longer than 12 cm.
What age limits are there?
There is no age limit, but licences can only be granted if it is unobjectionable.
According to art. 1, subsection 1, and art. 2, subsection 1 of the Weapons and Explosives Act, it is prohibited without a permit from the Ministry of Justice or – depending on the case – the police to import, manufacture, acquire, posses, carry or use firearms.
A firearms licence can only be granted to a person under the age of 18 if the person is a member of a rifle- or hunting club and is above the age of 16, or if the person has acquired a game licence. Furthermore, it is a condition that the parents of the minor have given their written consent and agreed on storing the firearm on behalf of the minor.
The law seeks to protect children and teenagers from sexual abuse by an older person. The law protects children and young people against seduction by an older person.
Sexual intercourse with a child or adolescent under 15 is punishable with a prison sentence of up to 6 years. If the child is younger than 12 years, the penalty can be up to 10 years.
The following rules apply to Danes and for travelers to Denmark, regardless of nationality. Juvenile under 18 years must not work in the following areas: with dangerous tools, equipment or hazardous work processes. They must not start work before 6.00 am and they must not finish later 2.00 pm on school days, except when the young person is working with an adult. The maximum weekly working time must not exceed 40 hours.
Children between 13 to 15 years of age may only perform light work, not with machinery. The working hours must not exceed 2 hours on school days. On other days they are allowed to work up to 7 hours per day (max. 35 hours per week in the holidays).
Children under 13 must not work, excluding any cultural and artistic activities. A police permit must be obtained in advance. (ativities such as sports, theater,advertising, radio and TV, concerts) In the processing of the application age, health, social environment, frequency of treatment etc. is taken into account.
See the law in its full length in the Reulation No. 239 of 6th April 2005 of the Labor Inspectorate („Arbejdstilsynet): www.at.dk/sw12593.asp
The municipalities are obliged to help children and young people, if they have problems and need help.
Besides that, there are other public or private organisations, which help children, such as The National Council for Children, Børnesagens Fællesråd and Børns Vilkår
DK - 2100 Kopenhagen Ø
embassy: 35 45 99 00
passport/visa: 35 45 99 11
emergency phone: 40 17 24 90
see: www.kopenhagen.diplo.de/Vertretung/kopenhagen/de/02/Botschaft.html (website in german)
Ministry of Welfare and other public institutions (10/2008)
For the accuracy, completeness and timeliness of the information we can not guarantee.