Children and Youth Protection in Estonia
- Up to which age is one regarded as a child and young person respectively?
- Are children/teens allowed to stay in public places?
- Are children/teens allowed to stay in restaurants or dance halls / ballrooms?
- Are children/teens allowed to stay in night clubs, bars, casinos, places for gambling etc.?
- Is it allowed to sell spirits to children/teens?
- Which restrictions are there for children/teens to visit public film screenings?
- Are children/teens allowed to smoke in public?
- Is it allowed for children/teens to go to internet café?
- Which restrictions are there about carrying knifes, martial arts equipment, weapons?
- Which regulations are there concerning sexual relations with children/teens?
- Which restrictions are there if foreign young people want to work temporarily?
- To which institutions can children/teens turn to if they need help?
- Useful internet sites about youth protection
- More information
Republic of Estonia Child Protection Act § 2 Age of child:
For the purposes of this Act, a child is a human being below the age of eighteen years.
Youth Work Act § 2 para 1:
A young person is a natural person between 7 and 26 years of age.
Young person are allowed to stay in public places from 16 years.
Republic of Estonia Child Protection Act, § 23 Restriction of freedom of movement of minors
(1) Children are required to observe public order.
(2) It is prohibited for a minor under 16 years of age to be in a public place from 23.00 to 06.00 without being accompanied by an adult. During the period from 1 June to 31 August, it is prohibited for a minor to be in a public place from 00.00 to 05.00 without being accompanied by an adult.
(3) Local governments have the right to temporarily shorten the restriction of movement provided for in this section.
(4) Upon non-observance of the requirement provided for in this section, administrative liability shall be imposed pursuant to section 142 of the Code of Administrative Offences
It extends to the general movement of children should Republic of Estonia Child Protection Act, ie. without adult supervision should not be a public place during the period from 23-7.00 (summer 0.00-5.00) to stay. (§ 23 Restriction of freedom of movement of minors).
It extends to the general movement of children should Republic of Estonia Child Protection Act , ie. without adult supervision should not be a public place during the period from 23.00-7.00 (summer 0.00-5.00) to stay.
Often the restriction is prohibited under the age of 21.
It extends to the general movement of children should Republic of Estonia Child Protection Act , ie. without adult supervision should not be a public place during the period from 23-7.00 (summer 00-5.00) to stay.
Often the restriction is prohibited under the age of 21.
(1) The presence of minors in shops, cinemas, video shops and other places and places of business, which have a license for the distribution or exhibition of works with pornographic and violent content are prohibited for young people.
§ 33. General obligations of gambling operator upon organisation of gambling
(1) Upon organisation of gambling, a gambling
operator is required to:
4) ensure that a person under 21 years of age is not tasked with conducting a game of chance, lottery or toto, make decisions on the right to participate in a game of chance, lottery or toto or carry out supervision of a game of chance, lottery of toto;
§ 34. Restrictions on participation in gambling
(2) A person under 21 years of age shall not
play a game of chance, a game of chanceorganised as remote gambling or a game of skill organised as remote
gambling. It is also prohibited for a person under 21 years of age to be
present in a gaming location for games of chance. A person under 21 years of age
may only be present in a gaming location for games of chance located on a ship
that is entered in the Estonian register of ships and carries out passenger
transport, if the highest possible bet for obtaining the right to participate
in a game of chance on a gaming machine or gaming table located there does not
exceed 10 euros and the biggest possible prize that can be won as a result of a
game of chance does not exceed 2000 euros.
[RT I, 25.04.2012, 1 – entry into force 01.06.2012]
(3) Persons under 18 years of age shall not play a toto.
(4) Persons under 16 years of age shall not play a lottery.
Spirits allowed to consume from 18.
§ 4 Prohibition on consumption of alcoholic beverages for minors:
Minors shall not consume alcoholic beverages.
§ 47 Measures to enforce prohibition on consumption of alcoholic beverages for minors:
(1) Minors shall not obtain alcoholic beverages.
(2) It is prohibited to transfer alcoholic beverages to minors. In order to observe the above-mentioned prohibition, a seller may demand identification from the buyer and refuse to sell alcoholic beverages if the buyer fails to present such identification.
*By the law in the prohibition of the sale of alcohol to minors there is no difference between light or strong spirits.
Act to Regulate Dissemination of Works which Contain Pornography or Promote Violence or Cruelty:
Cinemas must follow the Child Protection, the film of its content does not violate the child's morals. Limitations may be different less than the 12th 14 or 16 of age prohibited. Depending on the specific content of film.
7. Tobacco Act
§ 27. Prohibition applied with regard to minors
A person of less than 18 years of age (hereinafter minor) shall not smoke or consume smokeless tobacco products.
§ 28. Measures to enforce prohibition applied with regard to minors
(1) Minors shall not acquire or possess tobacco products.
(2) Tobacco products shall not be sold to minors. In order to observe the prohibition, a seller may demand identification from the buyer and refuse to sell tobacco products if the buyer fails to present such identification.
(3) Adults are prohibited from buying tobacco products for, offering tobacco products to and handing tobacco products over to minors.
(4) It is prohibited to offer for sale or sell to minors products the shape of which is similar to tobacco products.
(5) Minors shall not be employed for work related to the handling of tobacco products.
§ 18. Weapons and ammunition in unrestricted commerce
(1) The following are weapons and ammunition in unrestricted commerce:
1) gas spray;
2) pneumatic weapons of a calibre of up to 4.5 mm (inclusive);
3) hunting knives;
4) diving knives;
5) fencing weapons for sport (épée, espadon, foil, etc.);
6) cut-and-thrust weapons related to historical tradition in culture, martial arts or sports (sword, dagger, rapier, etc.) or copies thereof;
7) crossbows requiring a draw force of up to 75 kg (inclusive);
8) sporting bows requiring a draw force of up to 45 kg (inclusive);
9) underwater weapons.
(2) Bullets, shots and cartridge cases are cartridge components in unrestricted commerce.
(3) This Act applies to weapons and the ammunition therefor in unrestricted commerce only to the extent of subsections (4)–(8) of this section.
(4) Weapons and the ammunition therefor in unrestricted commerce shall not be acquired, owned, possessed, carried, stored or conveyed by persons under 18 years of age.
(5) Weapons specified in clauses (1) 2) and 4)–9) of this section may be possessed, carried, stored or conveyed by persons who engage in corresponding sports and have attained at least ten years of age.
11. please add that the information about working in Estonia for young people is available at the web site: http://www.sm.ee/fileadmin/meedia/Dokumendid/Toovaldkond/TLSvoldik_noored_ENG.pdf
§ 145 Sexual intercourse with child:
An adult person who engages in sexual intercourse with a person of less than 14 years of age shall be punished by up to 5 years imprisonment.
§ 146 Satisfaction of sexual desire with child:
An adult person who involves a person of less than 14 years of age in satisfaction of sexual desire in a manner other than sexual intercourse shall be punished by up to 5 years’ imprisonment.
Generally from 15. In under certain conditions from 7 (Employment Contacts Act).
§ 7 Entry into employment contracts with minors:
(1) An employer shall not enter into an employment contract with a minor under 15 years of age or a minor subject to the obligation to attend school, or allow such minor to work, except in the events provided for in subsection (4) of this section.
(2) An employer shall not enter into an employment contract with a minor or allow a minor to work if the work:
1) is beyond the minor’s physical or psychological capacity;
2) is likely to harm the moral development of the minor;
3) involves risks which the minor cannot recognize or avoid owing to their lack of experience or training;
4) is likely to harm the minor's social development or to jeopardise their education;
5) involves health hazards to the minor arising from the nature of the work or from the working environment.
(3) The list of the work and hazards specified in clause (2) 5) of this section shall be established by a regulation of the Government of the Republic.
(4) An employer may enter into an employment contract with a minor of 13-14 years of age or a minor of 15-16 years of age subject to the obligation to attend school and allow them to work if the duties are simple and do not require any major physical or mental effort (light work). Minors of 7-12 years of age are allowed to do light work in the field of culture, art, sports or advertising.
(5) The types of light work which may be done by minors shall be established by a regulation of the Government of the Republic.
(6) An employment contract made in breach of the restrictions specified in this section is void.
Is it possible to spend working holiday in your country?
It is possible.
Estonian legislation is based on:
Council Directive 94/33/EC of 22 June 1994 on the protection of young people at work
1. Chancellor of Justice
Based on the Chancellor’s competence as an ombudsman, everyone who claims that their rights have been violated, or that they have been treated illegally or contrary to the principles of good governance, can file an application to the Chancellor of Justice.
2. Nationwide children Hotlines
In January 2009 was launched nationwide children Hotlines 116 111 to report operationally to enable the needy children in all offer children and adults and children associated with the necessary information and advice, and, if necessary, the primary crisis counseling.
3. Union for Child Protection
for Child Protection is the protection of children, which will contribute to
ensuring the rights of the child development and child-friendly society.
Union for Child Protection is a non-governmental, non-profit organization, ensuring the rights of the child's activities is an association of Estonian society, which recognize and support the public, business and non-profit institutions and the general public.
phone: +372 6275 300
fax: +372 6275 304
emergency phone: +372 5012 560
see: http://www.tallinn.diplo.de/Vertretung/tallinn/de/Startseite.html (website in german)
Department of Children and Families Estonian Ministry of Social Affairs (08/2012)
For the accuracy, completeness and timeliness of the information we can not guarantee.