Home  |  Partner  |  Report your Country  |  Imprint  |   de   |   fr   |    
1

Up to which age is one regarded as a child and young person respectively?

 

In accordance with UN Convention on the rights of the children in Slovak republic a child means every human being below the age of eighteen years unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier.

back to top ↑

 
2

Are children/teens allowed to stay in public places?

 

In the Republic of Slovakia has not been any guidance or legislation in this field. It is, however, said that the municipality may issue generally binding regulations, which governs the area.

back to top ↑

 
3

Are children/teens allowed to stay in restaurants or dance halls / ballrooms?

 

In the Republic of Slovakia has not been any guidance or legislation in this field. It is, however, said that the municipality may issue generally binding regulations, which governs the area.

back to top ↑

 
4

Are children/teens allowed to stay in night clubs, bars, casinos, places for gambling etc.?

 

Bars, Clubs:

In the Republic of Slovakia has not been any guidance or legislation in this field. It is, however, said that the municipality may issue generally binding regulations, which governs the area.


Gambling:

Gambling is a game in which player after paying the deposit can get in winning money, matters, or rights, if the game plan meets predetermined conditions. Result-break game depends solely or mainly from chance or from unknown in advances the outcome of certain circumstances or events. The result of circumstances or events that determines the outcome of a game-break may not be known in advance to anyone and everyone must be supple and not be contrary to the rules-break game. Gambling is a) lottery games, b) gambling in the casino, c) gambling, d) run by gambling gaming devices, e) games of chance run by technical equipment operated by players or operated directly by means of telecommunications equipment and video games, f) gambling operated via the Internet, g) game, not gambling under letters a) to f) if they meet the conditions of the preceding sentence.

Participation in gambling is prohibited to anyone under 18 years. Operator-break game is to carry out the measures that such persons can not participate in gambling. Operator-break games, and has oversight authority for these purposes to require the submission of an identity. If you operate in the gambling game, the operator of such gambling is required to conduct surveillance in the game; operation gambling club or casinos, operating regulations governing the games.

It is forbidden to operate gaming devices, technical facilities operated directly by players and video games in schools, schools, social service for children and youth and youth hostels, medical facilities and buildings of state authorities. It is forbidden to operate gaming devices, technical facilities operated directly by players and video games, with the exception of their operations in the game, within a distance of 200 meters from schools, school facilities, social service facilities for children and youth and youth hostels.

back to top ↑

 
5

Is it allowed to sell spirits to children/teens?

 

It is prohibited to be sold or given alcoholic beverages or allow the use of persons younger than 18 years (Act 219/1996 Coll protection against abuse of alcoholic beverages and the establishment and operation of teetotal reception rooms).

Present legal framework in the Slovak Republic provides for the regulation of the availability of alcohol and tobacco in public outlets for minors under 18 years. Control the application of the prohibition of tobacco sales, cigarettes and alcohol (and the administration of alcohol) is the State Trade Inspection and sanction regime for traders who breach the prohibition on sales to minors. Higher binding of towns and cities in particular can be adjusted in terms of local time closing hours of restaurants, limited point of sale, etc.

back to top ↑

 
6

Which restrictions are there for children/teens to visit public film screenings?

 

Programs or other service components, which could endanger the physical, mental or moral development of minors or affect their mental health and emotional state, may not be broadcasted in time from 6.00 pm to 22.00 pm.On the basis of classification of programs according to age appropriateness of service broadcaster is obliged to protect minors to introduce and apply a uniform system of marking.

A uniform labeling system is a classification system for audiovisual works, sound recordings of performances, multimedia works and programs, or other components of service age appropriateness in terms of their unapproachable , suitability or unsuitability for age group of minors to 7, 12, 15 or 18 years. The operator of audiovisual technical equipment is required to ensure that audiovisual performances in the cinema or in any other publicly accessible area of the age appropriateness of the disclosure by the manufacturer or distributor of audiovisual works of audiovisual works.

back to top ↑

 
7

Are children/teens allowed to smoke in public?

 

It is prohibited to sell tobacco products to persons younger than 18 years.Any person, who sells tobacco products, is required to withhold the sales person who is younger than 18 years. It is prohibited to put into circulation tobacco for oral use.Sale of tobacco products from the stand and automaton is allowed only if it is secured using a stand automaton adult’s seller. It is prohibited to sell products imitate the shape and appearance of tobacco products or tobacco needs in the form of food or toys.

It is prohibited to smoke

a) means a regular passenger rail services in addition to restricted stock, in other national means of regular passenger service in waiting rooms and shelters for domestic scheduled passenger services on the covered platforms and enclosed public places associated with the transport for passengers to open platforms at a distance of 4 m from the designated area of platforms,

b) medical facilities,

c) in primary schools, secondary schools and educational establishments, in pre-and in the playgrounds,

d) in high schools and student homes,

e) social service in addition smoking room reserved for employees,

f) in the cultural facilities and indoor sports facilities,

g) in publicly accessible spaces and office buildings, shops, theatres’, cinemas, exhibition grounds, museums and galleries,

h) in a common eating facilities, except those mass caterers which have a separate section for smokers,

i) in confectioneries and fast food establishments,

j) in the areas in which juveniles are in custody or in carrying out prison sentences.


back to top ↑

 
8

Is it allowed for children/teens to go to internet café?

 

In the Republic of Slovakia has not been any guidance or legislation in this field. It is, however, said that the municipality may issue generally binding regulations, which governs the area.

back to top ↑

 
9

Which restrictions are there about carrying knifes, martial arts equipment, weapons?

 

It is the criminal himself/herself or if someone else produced, imported, exported, transported, kept or provide a firearm, the part or component without permission or without marking weapons for its identification by an international treaty by which the Slovak Republic is bound, or a mediated activity.

back to top ↑

 
10

Which regulations are there concerning sexual relations with children/teens?

 

It is criminal to make intercourse with a person younger than fifteen years, or who the other person to sexual abuse.

back to top ↑

 
11

Which restrictions are there if foreign young people want to work temporarily?

 

Labour Code says about limits to enter the employment that relate to the art. 32 of the Convention.

Capacity of natural persons in employment relations have rights and obligations as an employee of a character's own legal acts to acquire these rights and to take these obligations arise if there is further provided, the date when the individual turns 15 years of age, the employer may not agree as day to start work the day prior to the date when the individual ends compulsory schooling.

The work of natural persons under the age of 15 years of age or physical persons work more than 15 years to the end of compulsory schooling is prohibited. These individuals may perform light work, which by their nature, scope and endanger their health, safety, their further development or schooling only when

a) performing or fellowship at performance for cultural performances and art shows,

b) sporting events,

c) promotion activities.

Output light allows for the employer's request, the Labor Inspectorate, in agreement with the competent authorities of public health. The authorization shall determine the number of hours and conditions under which they may perform light work. The labor inspectorate shall withdraw approval if permit conditions are not respected.

The physical person that did not reach the age of 15 years may exceptionally take easy jobs that do not endanger his/her health, safety, future development or school attendance at performing or participating in cultural and art performances, sport and advertising activities by their character and extent. The physical persons that did not reach the age of 15 eyars are permitted to perform easy jobs by a relevant labour inspectorate after agreement with the occupational safety body. In the permit the number of hours and conditions under which the job can be done are defined.

back to top ↑

 
12

To which institutions can children/teens turn to if they need help?

 

The child has the right to apply for assistance with the social and legal child protection and social curatorship authority, other state authority, which, subject to special regulations (for example police), is competent to protect the rights and legally protected interests of the child, the facility, the municipality, the high territorial unit, the accredited entity, the school, the school facility, or the healthcare provider.All authorities, legal entities and natural persons, referred to in the first clause, shall be obliged to render immediate assistance to the child in protecting his or her life and health, take measures to ensure his/her rights and legally protected interests, also by mediating this assistance.This shall also apply where the child is unable to apply for assistance on its own, owing to age and mental development, and this is done through a third party.


German Embassy

Hviezdoslavova nám. 10

813 03 Bratislava

phone: +421 2 4400

Fax: +421 2 5441 9634

emergency phone: 0903 444 633

see: http://www.pressburg.diplo.de/Vertretung/pressburg/de/Startseite.html (website in german)

back to top ↑

 
13

Useful internet sites about youth protection

14

More information

 
 
 

source:
embassy Of Slovakia (02/2009)

Disclaimer:
For the accuracy, completeness and timeliness of the information we can not guarantee.