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Are children/teens allowed to stay in public places?

 
Austria  

Vienna, Lower Austria, Burgenland:
A person up to 14 years of age (accompanied by their parent) is allowed to stay in public places between 5am and 10 pm.
From 14 up to 16 years of age a person is allowed to stay in public places between 5am and 1 am of the following day (accompanied by their parent).  
   
Styria:   
A person up to 14 years of age is allowed to stay in public places between 5am and 9pm.
From 14 up to 16 years of age a person is allowed to stay in public places between 5am and 11pm.
From 16 years of age a person is allowed to stay in public places between 5am and 2 am of the following day.
If the person is accompanied by their parents, the time limit does not apply.
From 14 years of age a person is allowed to stay in schools or youth organisations after 11pm without being accompanied by their parents.      

Carinthia:
A person up to 14 years of age is allowed to stay in public places and during events between 6am and 10pm. A person up to 14 years of age is allowed to stay in restaurants between 6am and 10pm when accompanied by their parents. A person up to 14 years of age is allowed to stay in public places between 6am and 1 am of the following day when accompanied by their parents.
From 14 up to 18 years of age a person is allowed to stay in public places and during events between 6am and midnight.
From 14 up to 18 years of age a person is allowed to stay in public places and during events between 6am and 2am if the following day will be a Sunday or official holiday.      

Upper Austria:
A person up to 14 years of age is allowed to stay in public places between 5am and 10pm. These restriction does not apply, if the person is accompanied by their parents.
From 14 up to 16 years of age a person is allowed to stay in public places between 5am and midnight. There is no restriction from 16 years of age.      

Salzburg:
A person up to 12 years of age is allowed to stay in public places between 5am and 9pm.
A person up to 14 years of age is allowed to stay in public places between 5am and 10pm.
From 14 up to 16 years of age a person is allowed to stay in public places between 5am and 11pm.
From 14 up to 16 years of age a person is allowed to stay in public places between 5am and midnight if the following day will be a Sunday or official holiday.      

Tyrol:
A person up to 14 years of age is not allowed to stay in public places between 10pm and 5am of the following day. From 14 up to 16 years of age person are not allowed to stay in publick places between 1am and 5am without accompanied by their parents.
A person up to 14 years of age is allowed to stay at public events till 10pm. If they are accompanied by their parents, they are allowed to stay till midnight.
A person up to 16 years of age is allowed to stay at public events till 1pm. There are no restriction for school events, events from denominations accepted by law, events from churches and in the context of institution of the Youth care when accompanied by their parents.      

Vorarlberg:
A person up to 12 years of age is allowed to stay in public places between 5am and 10pm.
From 12 up to 14 years of age a person is allowed to stay in public places between 5am and 11pm.
From 14 up to 16 years of age a person is allowed to stay in public places between 5am and midnight.
From 16 up to 18 years of age a person is allowed to stay in public places between 5am and 2am of the following day.   

 
Belgium  

There is no legislation.

Children and young people are generally allowed to stay in public places, but some restrictions exist concerning the evenings and the type of the public places. According to the Child Protection Act, parents are obliged to accompany their children or to provide responsible full age person to accompany their children to 16 years of age on public places after 22.00 o’clock. The same responsibilities have other persons who take care for the raising and education of children. Otherwise sanctions are imposed to the parents and caregivers of children. If by not implementing this obligation parents and guardians leave the child without attention and enough care and with this endanger his phisical, mental or moral development, they are sanctioned with imprisonment to 1 year or probation, as well as with public reproach. If anyone allows from 22.00 o’clock to 6.00 o’clock an unaccompanied child, who has not reached 16 years of age in his commercial property, can be fined either in cash or with property sanction.


Cyprus  

There is no legislation.

Family Code -zákon č. 94/1963 Sb. Zákon o rodině:

Parents are responsible for their children. However, in general children are allowed to stay in public places.

Germany  

There is no legislation unless there is a dangerous place for minors.
(JuSchG § 8). The residence determination is part of parental care. 

Denmark  

There is no legislation about age or to be accompanied in public places.

Estonia  

Young person are allowed to stay in public places from 16 years.

Republic of Estonia Child Protection Act, § 23 Restriction of freedom of movement of minors

(1) Children are required to observe public order.

(2) It is prohibited for a minor under 16 years of age to be in a public place from 23.00 to 06.00 without being accompanied by an adult. During the period from 1 June to 31 August, it is prohibited for a minor to be in a public place from 00.00 to 05.00 without being accompanied by an adult.

(3) Local governments have the right to temporarily shorten the restriction of movement provided for in this section.

(4) Upon non-observance of the requirement provided for in this section, administrative liability shall be imposed pursuant to section 142 of the Code of Administrative Offences


Spain  

In principle there is no legal prohibition for unaccompanied children in public places like streets, parks, squares, etc.

If children are very young and someone notes that they are alone too long without seeing any adult who takes over, or children, although older, are unaccompanied during school time or late at night, the police may intervene to locate the parents or to address to public social services. The legislation covers only the existence of a offense if it is found that the adults responsible for children have been abandoned or not cared for properly, but the children are alone in the street is not in most cases a sufficient indicator to qualify the abandonment. Local governments can, if they want, ban unaccompanied children being in the streets after certain hours at night.

Finland  

There are no restrictions on this matter, at least no legal restrictions.

France  

They are allowed to stay in public places.

However, curfews maybe passed by prefectures or municipalities. In these cases, a unaccompanied minor under 13 years of age must not stay in public places between 11pm and 6am. The administration court specify by adjudication nr. 235638 of 9. July 2001 (collection Lebon) that these measures will become lawful if the public place present a risk to the health, safety, education and mental development of a young person during night time.

There is no law preventing them, however parents are expected to supervise children until they are old enough to look after themselves.

Greece  

There is no legislation.

Hungary  

There is no legislation. Parents will be responsible for their children, if these are minors.

Ireland  

There is no legislation. Nevertheless, minors should not be attract attention because of disturbance of the peace.

In addition, minors must not be drunk in public (Criminal Justice Act [Public Order] 1994).

If an unaccompanied child is in a public place in danger, the health authority can intervene (Child Care Act 1991).

Italy  

Yes, this is allowed, but their ability to do so is of course subject to the control of their adult relatives, utilizing common sense, based on the age of the child and the assessment which the relevant adults have made as to the degree of independence exhibited by the child or adolescent, and furthermore with due regard for their estimation of the areas frequented by the children with a view towards the dangers existing in those places. The Civil Code states that minors are constantly subject to the responsibility of their adult relatives (see Article 30 of the Constitution and Articles 147, 316 and 333 of the Civil Code. While this principle does not expressly prohibit minors from moving around freely and independently, it imposes a duty upon their adult relatives to protect the minors and to ensure that no circumstances exist which may cause harm to the minors in the event of their own absence.

Each municipality sets its own rules determine how long are children allowed to stay in public places.

General presence in public places without accompaniment is not regulated by law. The rules governing the supervisory duty within the context of parental custody must be consulted in this regard. The scope of this parental supervisory duty decreases as the children increase in age. The Road Traffic Code (the Code de la Route) prohibits children under the age of 10 years from using bicycles on public roads. However, this prohibition does not apply for children ages 6 years and up who are accompanied by a person aged 15 years or higher or who are on the way to school or church, riding a distance of no more than one kilometer or in cases where public transportation is not available.

Latvia  

The duty of parents is not to let children until 7 years of age stay unattended by adults or person not younger than 13 years.

A child who has not reached 16 years of age cannot stay in public places unattended by parent, guardian, foster family or other person authorized by them during the night time (the night time is regarded to start at 22.00 and end at 6.00).

Malta  

There is no age limit for the presence of minors in public places unaccompanied by an adult. However, § 247A defines conditions with respect to the liability of adults who are responsible for a child and who consistently fail to exercise the necessary care for a minor under the age of 12.

There is no legal restriction for minors to be in public places without parents or legal guardians. A local authority (cities, municipalities) can however issue a local order which allows for young children, who are on the streets in certain areas after a certain time (for instance 21.00) without supervision, to be brought back to their parents by the police.

Poland  

Pursuant to Article 43 of the Road Traffic Act of 20 June 1997, children aged 7 or less may only use the roads when accompanied by persons aged 10 and up (this does not applyfor the areas where the children live).

The parents (legal guardians) decide whether a child may be present in public places unaccompanied by an adult. In accordance with the Family and Custody Act of 25 February 1964 (Official Journal 1964, No. 9, Item 59, with subsequent amendments), the parents (legal guardians) bear responsibility for the safety of their children. Children are subject to parental supervision until they reach the age of majority. The duty of parental supervision particularly includes the right of the parents to have custody over the child's person and assets. This is to be performed in a manner consistent with the welfare of the child and the public (the interest of society at large).

They are allowed to stay in public places provided that the risk is minimal or socially acceptable.

Parents will be accused of negligence if there is a specific dangerous situation (i.e. an accident) which would have been avoided by their presence.

Romania  

There is still no information

Sweden  

Yes, children at any age are allowed to stay in public places (streets and parks) without being accompanied by an adult.

There is no legally fixed age in Slovenia on the national level before which children are allowed to stay in public places without being accompanied by their parents or legal guardians. Municipal decrees in several municipalities define that children under 15 or 16 years of age are not allowed to stay in public places unaccompanied by their parents or legal guardians.

In the Republic of Slovakia has not been any guidance or legislation in this field. It is, however, said that the municipality may issue generally binding regulations, which governs the area.

 

Disclaimer:
For the accuracy, completeness and timeliness of the information we can not guarantee.